Influencia del estrés psicológico y la actividad física moderada en la reactividad cardiovascular

Milagros Lisset León Regal, Yandy García Álvarez, Rosmari Álvarez Hernández, Cynthia Morales Pérez, Víctor Manuel Regal Cuesta, Hermes David González León

Resumen


La reactividad cardiovascular es la respuesta que da el aparato homónimo ante un estímulo externo y se ve modificada por varios parámetros, entre ellos el estrés psicológico, que repercute en la aparición de enfermedades car¬diovasculares. Algunos estudios han demostrado y apoyado los beneficios de la actividad física en el mantenimiento de un estado de salud fisiológica y psicoló¬gicamente óptimos, incluyendo la respuesta cardiovascular al estrés agudo. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo describir el impacto que tiene el estrés psi¬cológico y el ejercicio físico aerobio sobre la reactividad cardiovascular. Para ello se consultaron un total de 30 fuentes bibliográficas, entre ellas 2 libros y numerosos artículos de revistas científicas, a los que se tuvo acceso por medio de los principales gestores de la red informática. El estrés psicológico y el ejercicio físico aeróbico actúan de forma antagónica sobre la reactividad cardiovascular.

Palabras clave


estrés psicológico; ejercicio; capacidad cardiovascular

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Referencias


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