La prevención y regresión de la ateroesclerosis: tratamientos emergentes

Aliosvi Rodríguez Rodríguez, Gretchen Rodríguez Jaime

Resumen


Las enfermedades vasculares oclusivas, como el síndrome coronario agudo, el accidente cerebrovascular, y la enfermedad arterial periférica, representan un serio problema de salud a nivel mundial. En las últimas décadas se han realizados importantes avances en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la ateroesclerosis. El ultrasonido intravascular aporta información detallada de la anatomía de la placa y ha sido utilizado en varios estudios para evaluar los resultados. La presencia de aterosclerosis desestabiliza el mecanismo protector normal provisto por el endotelio y este mecanismo ha estado implicado en la fisiopatología de la enfermedad coronaria aguda y el accidente cerebrovascular. Los mayores esfuerzos están dirigidos a la prevención, sobre todo en edades tempranas. El presente trabajo es una revisión de 68 referencias bibliográficas actualizadas con el objetivo de exponer las opciones actuales disponibles en la prevención y reversión del proceso ateroesclerótico.

Palabras clave


aterosclerosis; prevención de enfermedades; arteriopatías oclusivas

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Referencias


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